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Encyclopedia of Microtonal Music Theory

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second / 2nd / diatonic-2nd

[John Chalmers, Divisions of the Tetrachord]

A single step in a musical scale, the interval between two successive notes. In many scales, the seconds are often close to whole tones and half tones.

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[Joe Monzo]

The Chalmers definition above refers to the generic usage of "2nd" without a qualifying adjective, which often precedes the interval name in standard diatonic usage. Thus, the various different types of diatonic 2nds are (in order of size from smallest to largest):

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